Photo album of women
Students learn to discuss the topic of Holocaust by comparing pictures of women Holocaust survivors, and talking about their stories. The idea of this exercise is to make Holocaust stories personal and visual (while at the same time not too graphic or violent), in order to let students relate better and gain a concrete idea about what people went through. In this exercise, students will discover particular faces and life stories.
Posters of women
Students learn about Holocaust history through individual women’s stories, and apply their knowledge through creating their own poster. By making informative posters, students learn how to sort out important information and remember it through active learning. Students “educate themselves” by becoming creators of their own learning material.
This exercise is divided into seven practical parts. Its aim is to help students imagine stories from the Holocaust, and contrast them with realities learned from women’s biographies. The idea is to let students work with their imagination, story-telling, map-reading, picture interpretation and text analysis. Elements such as music, live art and personal map creation should help students be personally engaged with some Holocaust stories, while keeping the learning atmosphere playful.
Women writing about their Nazi camp experiences
- Extends students' spatial and temporal awareness of the Holocaust;
- Adds depth and nuance to understanding of the evolution and development of the Holocaust;
- Raises awareness about women who survived the Holocaust and the ways in which they communicated their experiences;
- Helps students improve their research skills;
- Challenges the understanding of the Nazi concentration camps (often limited and Auschwitz-centric), through a comparative analysis of two camp experiences .
- Highlights the diversity of experiences and responses
A poster for Lisa: narrating the Holocaust through a woman’s eyes
After hearing about Lisa Pinhas' life and seeing photos of her, students will create a poster about her that reflects her experiences. The tool for this task is Google Jamboard. This exercise aims at developing historical knowledge of camp life in Auschwitz-Birkenau, at adding depth and nuance to understanding the woman’s perspective and at practicing analytical competencies, as well as familiarising them with multimodal texts. This exercise helps students to reflect on the ethical responsibility for narrating the past.
Lisa contextualised: A woman’s experience of Nazi persecution
The exercise promotes collaboration among the students and historical contextualising of one’s individual perspective. It also helps students better understand the history of the Holocaust.
Discussing 20th century Jewish history through photographs
This exercise is meant to encourage students to look beyond the image. Students should develop values such as empathy by relating to the people in the photo.
The activity includes a discussion about the significance of photos in which students are asked to explain why photos are important in general and why specifically photos shared by Holocaust survivors are a unique historical source.
Recognizing the parallels and differences between the Holocaust and other historical events
In this exercise, students will develop critical thinking skills, and by working collaboratively on Mind Maps, they will be able to discuss and share their thoughts. It is important that the students understand there are no “right” or “wrong” answers, but it's rather about developing, as a final result, a joint mind map in small groups, and discussing in the class the mind maps that each group compiled.
Why this exercise? By doing this, we promote the following tools:
- Democracy - by letting students contribute and vote for the “better” option;
- Critical thinking - listening, agreeing or disagreeing and justifying their position, giving examples, relating to others’ opinions;
- Respect - taking turns to talk, agreeing or disagreeing based on listening, giving others the space to talk;
- Humility - there are no universal truths and nobody has the truth in their hands, conclusions are reached within the group, one's opinion isn't more important than the other person’s opinion, this is learned through the construction of dialogue and conclusion with all the contributions.
Resources for teaching women's history
Teaching Critical Thinking with Historical Methodology
How to Introduce Gender in History Teaching
A Case for Using Images to Teach Women's History
Teaching in the Light of Women's History
A Practical Guide to Teaching Women's History
30 Women’s History Month Activities for Students of All Ages
Teaching and Learning About Women’s History With The New York Times
Teaching Women’s History in the Making
Teach Women's History Month!
Every Man Shold Do It! Teaching Women's History
Famous women in history: 4 Ways to teach Women’s History Month
Women Who Shape History: Education Resources
A Primer for Teaching Women, Gender, and Sexuality in World History
The gender inclusiveness of a women's history curriculum in secondary education
Teaching Gender in the History Classroom: An Investigation into the Initial Training of Primary Education Teachers
The Inclusion Of Women's History In The Secondary Social Studies Classroom
Women’s History Month: 6 Lesson Plan Resources for Teachers
Women during the Holocaust
Women during the Holocaust: Photographs
Why the Stories of Jewish Women Who Fought the Nazis Remained Hidden for So Long
The Light of Days: The Untold Story of Women Resistance Fighters in Hitler's Ghettos
The Unsung Jewish Women of WWII
Jewish Women´s Archive
Jewish History: Holocaust
Gender Perspectives in Teaching and Learning about the Holocaust
Teaching materials from Terraforming
You Said the Words You Wanted Me to Hear but I Heard The Words You Couldn't Bring Yourself to Say": Women's First Person Accounts of the Holocaust
Teaching the Holocaust: the power of personal stories
Lesson: Teaching with Holocaust Survivor Testimony
Using Testimony in Holocaust Education - A Learning Environment
Yad Vashem´s resource collection
Series: Women during the Holocaust: Individual Stories
Teaching Women's History: Useful Links
Teaching 20th Century Women's History: A Classroom Approach
Teaching about the Holocaust in the 21st century
7 Ideas for Teaching Women's History Month
Women’s History Month Resources
Women and the Holocaust: Hidden Women
Women and the Holocaust: Women in Resistance
Women and the Holocaust: Women in Auschwitz
Athens, March 1944
Liberation and Survival
The Persecution and Murder of Greek Jews from the Bulgarian Zone
Five chimneys: the testimony of Olga Lengyel
My dear children... Thessaloniki,Spring 1943
“The Second World War and the Holocaust of the Greek Jews 1941 – 1944″
“The Jews of Greece: 2,300 Years of History and Tradition”
Jewish Life and Modern Antisemitism in Germany, Greece,Poland and Serbia
A free online course, which aims to introduce its users to the richness and vibrancy of Jewish history and culture from the comfort of their home. It’s flexible and interactive, allowing them to study at theis own pace and to delve into a variety of resources from Germany, Greece, Poland and Serbia.